shakespeare in shackles: laura bates
The three are white and the three are black.
Two are over 50 years old and the rest are under 40 years old.
They were all dressed in khaki jumpsuit with books under the arms of the tattoo.
They are six of the 1,840 inmates in the Pendleton Correctional Facility, up to level 4Security Prison
Built in 1923, the Spanish Colonial Revival building and the grassy courtyard were once the residence of John Dillinger.
The two men formed a semi-circle, facing a blackboard and two visitors.
One is a coach, the other is gray.
A bearded man with glasses
The other is the guest speaker: a tall woman
In his 50 s, he has sharp blue eyes and pale silver hair.
This is her first visit to Pendleton.
But she was well aware of a prisoner held in another part of the prison.
\"Remember,\" she happily told the man in the room with a mid-western rhythm, \"to make sense of what you read today.
\"One of the youngest men stood up wearing a green knit hat issued by the prison.
\"John and I have been practicing,\" Chris Lewis said with a proud smile . \".
\"We are Corrio Lanas and Menius.
\"He and John Gray, a young man of short stature and energy, face to face.
Four other people walked aside and opened their books.
\"Oh sir,\" Gray said as he recited from his memory the lines of consultant Menius, \"you\'re not right: Don\'t you know that the most valuable people don\'t know?
\"What must I say ? \"
\"Lewis played the proud role of general Corrio LANAs.
\"I pray, sir, not to do so!
I can\'t get my tongue at this speed: Sir, look, my wound!
As some of my brothers roared and ran away from the noise of our own drums, I asked them to serve my country.
\"Oh, my God ! \"\" says Gray.
\"You have to say this: you have to want them to think about you. \"Think about me! \" says Lewis. \"Hang \'em!
I hope they will forget me, just like the virtue that our diving is lost by them.
\"You can do it in March,\" Gray said . \"\"I leave you.
Pray for you, speak to them in a healthy way, and I pray for you.
The gray steps came to one side.
The other three moved in as Roman civilians.
They read their part.
Lewis continued to recall.
When Act 2, Scene 3 ends, they stop to talk about what they just read, distinguishing each line for meaning and context.
They then ran several more times before they sat down to discuss the nominal character of Corrio LANAs.
\"He\'s like General Patton,\" said Tim Woods . \" He is a burly man with a beard and a shaved head.
\"He was great on the battlefield, but said something inflammatory in public.
\"I agree,\" said Michael Shannon . \" His long brown hair straightened back.
\"He is not at all in a place where military personnel are forced into the political arena.
He acted out of conscience, but he struggled with himself.
\"His contempt for citizens reminds me of Jack Nicholson, among the few good people,\" Woods said . \". \"Yeah?
Zach Trax says he is a thin young man with fresh buzz.
\"I imagine the guy who played the King of England in bra heart.
\"They continue, respectfully discussing the role and his motives, connecting it with their own lives, pop culture and the modern world. The middle-
Elderly women sitting among them listen to closely and smile.
Laura Bates teaches Shakespeare to the maximum extent
For the past 15 years, she has focused on the violence, instability, and \"worst\" that has long been stored in the \"super biggest\"
She was the first and only one to do so.
\"They are the people who need education the most,\" said Bates, 56, an English professor at Indiana State University in trehort.
\"They are the ones with the least chance.
Shakespeare has the ability to educate convicted killers, to help them look at the choices they make, to bring them here, and how to avoid making them again.
\"Reading and performing drama is at the heart of most Shakespeare\'s works --in-
Prison programs found in 11 other states and six other countries are not enough for Bates.
Her work is centered on critical thinking, explanatory analysis, and creative rewriting.
In a project, men at the Wabash Valley Correctional Facility worked with women at the Rockville Correctional Centre (
Places Bates also volunteered to go)
Rephrasing the \"women\'s trainer\" in easy-to-understand language, putting this drastic change into comments on domestic violence.
Other adaptations of Shakespeare\'s plays are performed by prisoners in the general population of Wabash, openly opposed to violence, retaliation and gangs.
\"This is the only way to bring Shakespeare back to their lives,\" she said, \"to make it important in a personal way.
\"Although her work was heavy, Bates was fine --
Good temper and quick laugh.
She spoke briskly and talked more like a careful neighbor than an ivory tower scholar.
It may have something to do with her salt. of-the-
The Earth grows.
Her parents were World War II refugees from Latvia who began working in factories after settling in Chicago.
Bates and her sister grew up in the infamous Austin community on the west side of the city.
\"It\'s a slum,\" she said frankly.
\"A lot of crime and criminals.
As the population grows, I am more comfortable in prison than in college.
I volunteered as a literacy tutor at Cook County prison for the first time and saw some old friends from nearby bars, I was not afraid or surprised.
It was in 1984 when Bates believed
Time offenders will be the most recovered. able.
In fact, I remember a heated argument between me and a friend of my husband, who was doing theater work with the prisoner at Joliet.
I told him.
The core prisoners who worked with him were unable to recover.
\"However, she soon learned that the people in the prison waiting for trial may be unstable because of drug use or adjustment of imprisonment.
\"Ironically,\" she said, \"This is a life raft, the people who have been in prison for 20 years and they are the safest staff.
The people we really need to reach.
So it took me only 25 years to admit that I was wrong in the original argument!
\"More than a decade after the first tutoring course at Cook County prison, when she completed her doctorate under the guidance of David Bevington, a famous Shakespeare scholar at the University of Chicago, Bates taught in secondary school
Security guard punneville Correctional Facility
When she began working as a part-time professor at Indiana State University in the late 1990 s, she volunteered in one of the two prisons in Indiana, where there was a safe housing unit (SHU)
That is, solitary confinement.
The practice of holding prisoners alone has become a hot spot.
Button problem in recent years.
The conditions vary from prison to prison, but are basically the same everywhere: A prisoner spent 23 hours a day locked in a small cell with no windows on the concrete floor, once or even for several years.
Since the beginning of 1970, solitary confinement has become increasingly popular in state and federal prisons.
But as public opinion shifts and budget cuts increase, states begin to rethink their strengths and feasibility.
Is it an expensive but necessary means to isolate the most dangerous prisoners?
Or is it an inhuman psychological torture that may not be constitutional?
In vabash, Bates knew that she needed something different to reach the comfort of the people.
So she turned to bud.
\"I think if I did the criminal tragedy, Macbeth, Othello, Hamlet, they would find that the content is not all cute --
But what they can really relate to is complex character, moral decision, action.
I think he will spread the word if I can get someone to buy it.
That man is Larry Newton. A fifth-
Newton dropped out of school from Monsey and has been in and out of teen facilities since he was ten years old.
At the age of 17, he was found guilty of kidnapping and murder with two companions and sentenced to life imprisonment without the opportunity to be released on parole.
In prison, he was violent over and over again.
He tried to escape several times.
When Bates arrived in vabash, he had been held in solitary confinement for ten years.
Bates wrote in her book \"Shakespeare saved my life: a decade alone with Bud\": \"I have never seen a prisoner until Newton scared me . \" She worked with Newton and others on The Chronicles of the work in the vabash book.
\"I refused one until Newton.
But one thing made her think again.
While screening potential participants for her nascent \"Shakespeare in Bondage\" project, Newton\'s complex analysis of Richard I\'s monologue \"in my opinion, he has changed from King to Newton and wrote, in his mind, but, before you have calmed down, or satisfied with nothing, you seem to say so. . .
\"You are not satisfied with anything . \" She convinced her to take risks.
Over the next decade, Bates guided Newton and 200 other Shu criminals by carefully considering Shakespeare\'s plays.
Each week, the guards will lead up to 8 prisoners to be locked from their rooms without windows, tied together and into the adjacent cells.
While they were kneeling on the concrete floor, the legs were still tied and they spoke through the cuffs (
Also called Foodpass doors).
Bates sat in a plastic chair in the narrow corridor between the cells.
Wearing jeans and sweaters, she had a workbook on her knees, a pen in her hand, patiently guiding them through the English jungle of the Elizabethan era, encouraging them to express their thoughts, and refused to let them accept pat\'s response.
She reminded them again and again to bring the discussion back to their own experiences.
These careful reading and thoughtful analysis lead to obvious changes.
Bates said that before the project, the 20 prisoners who had been with Shakespeare for the longest time had more than 600 writers.
Ups for violence
During and after this project, they are only cell-
In Shu Group, Newton\'s comments were the most representative, \"some of his explanations were cited in academic papers and conferences,\" Bates said, \"and his changes were the most profound.
He was eventually released from his solitary confinement in vabash and went on to write a manual to help other prisoners read Shakespeare.
Bates said: \"He wrote practice books for 13 sep series of Alte plays and outline pages for 37 plays.
I have used them in dozens of inmates and some of my college courses.
Now I just need to find a publisher for Larry\'s work.
\"Newton currently lives in Pendleton.
Although he kept in touch with Bates by mail, they had not met for three years and when Bates visited the Corrio Lanas group in April 11, she was unable to meet with him.
But she wants to get back together with her gold.
She came back later this month as a star student.
Rex Hammond doesn\'t look like a professional criminal.
At the age of 49, he has neat sandy hair, thoughtful expressions, and blue Oxford is stuffed into black casual pants. year-
The old looks like a faculty member for lunch at Indiana State University restaurant.
But starting at the age of 12, when he stole his neighbor\'s coin collection, until August 2009, when he was released after serving his sentence for armed robbery and taking a deputy hostage, he was always a repeat.
\"The classic case of differential Correlation Theory,\" he said . \"
\"As a learning behavior, I was affected by the crime of my peers and my brother.
This happens to Shakespeare, and in Shakespeare, good people become bad people, just like Macbeth.
Like in Othello, they can be played.
But this is life.
Sometimes the environment makes life
Crime, of course, from small to large.
\"Hammond knows it all because he is studying criminology at the graduate level.
Since completing his bachelor\'s degree at ISU in 2012, he has been pursuing his master\'s degree.
He is also a graduate assistant to three professors.
Hammond said his shift began with prison education, especially Shakespeare. \"When I met Dr.
He said: \"I am 34 years old and in Bates in vabash, I will read ten books in my life if I am lucky.
I took my first Shakespeare class with her and I said, \"Wow!
It started to open my heart and let me think outside myself.
The world around me is over 15 to 20 miles.
I immediately saw how relevant it was.
Our technological model has changed, but human thoughts, needs, desires are the same as those of the Shakespeare era.
Including our dark impulses.
Some crime experts ask, \"Why do people commit crimes? \' says Hammond.
\"But Emile Durkheim, a French sociologist, turned the corner and asked, \'Why don\'t people commit crimes? \'
You can see a lot in Shakespeare\'s plays.
We all have the ability to be serial killers.
\"The third time I sat in class 460 of Bates English in Bates
On the window-by-the-window row chair, Hammond offers grim realities that correspond to other students, all in their early 20 s, who look like traditional undergraduates.
Bates takes 18 junior and senior students, half of whom are paying attention, and they are all ready to go to graduate school or teaching work, using one of Newton\'s workbooks at McWhite through six points
She said: \"In the first scene, Macbeth saw a dagger floating.
What the hell did he see?
\"Well, he certainly didn\'t see the real dagger,\" said a student named Emily . \".
\"Maybe he saw it. . . opportunity?
\"I think that\'s right,\" Hammond said . \".
\"When I do it twiceweek armed-
Robbery carnival, every night I see myself committing a robbery that I haven\'t committed yet.
The more it consumes you, the more it occupies your mind.
\"Okay,\" said Bates.
\"What about associates?
Let\'s talk about the relationship between Macbeth and his wife.
\"Like Bonnie and Clyde,\" said Sam, a male student. \"The couple are very loyal to each other.
There is an interdependent anti-social relationship between them.
\"When she gave the guards drugs, she became a direct participant,\" said a female student named Alex . \".
\"When she gets her hands dirty.
\"Actually,\" Hammond said, \"it seems to the law that as long as she talks about it, she becomes an associate.
I can tell you that in prison you don\'t want someone there if you talk about crime.
One knows too much.
\"Bates showed a grain of five grains to end the class
Her Wabash SHU group considered a minute video of some of the same issues.
\"Let\'s take a look at the impact,\" said Newton on the screen, who led the discussion through the cuffs of the cell door.
\"Do you think I can assume to convince you to act in the way you are most opposed?
\"If you can force me to do this, then I already have something on me,\" said Leon Benson, another star Book student, who wrote for Newton\'s exercise book.
\"We have to look at Macbeth as a person.
He may not be aware of the impact.
I was in a hurry when I was on the street.
But who am I running?
I was affected unconsciously.
\"When I first read the show, I saw a huge relief environment,\" Newton said . \".
But now I want to get rid of the debate about the impact and make McWhite independent for his actions.
Like I did myself.
I\'m still looking for the reason why I did this.
Hammond smiled at the video. So does Bates.
According to U. S. Data, the United States is the world\'s largest jailer, with 570,400 inmates in state and federal prisons as of 2012S.
Bureau of Justice Statistics.
Should they be educated?
Who should pay for it?
These are concerns.
According to the data, the number of repeat offenders in higher education is relatively small.
However, many lawmakers and voters are hesitant about criminals taking free college courses. In 1994 the U. S.
Congress has passed a bill banning funding for prisoners in federal prisons.
In the past 20 years, many states have followed suit and gradually canceled prison education programs.
\"I agree that offenders should not receive free education when the law is introduced --
\"Law-abiding people have to pay for it,\" Bates said.
\"But the old saying that \'education is cheaper than imprisonment is correct: men and women in prison need education.
We just need to find a way for them to pay for it by working for it.
Indiana convention and budget 2011
Cancellation of college degree in correts-
Grant the project.
This includes the distance between the implementation support unit
Prisoners like Hammond took part in the study program.
\"That\'s why it\'s very important that my work is completely voluntary,\" Bates said . \".
\"The fact that it doesn\'t cost taxpayers a penny is one of the reasons why I wasn\'t shut down while I was other programming.
Now, I want to train a new generation on the basis of volunteers.
Because that\'s what we can do at this point.
\"Like Micki Morahn, her grass roots seeds start to sprout.
Morahn, 59, works with Bates at Terre Haute American prison every week.
She used her master\'s degree in history to help prisoners understand what they were reading, such as explaining the 14 th century Black Death.
\"This is a place where you can make a difference,\" she said . \".
\"Here you really see the brain getting involved.
You are introducing critical thinking to those who have never had such an opportunity.
Keaton Bernier, 23year-
Old undergraduate at the University of ISU and Joshua ACENS, 34year-
The old graduate assistant also helped Bates at USP Terre Haute.
\"Prisoners are people and people make mistakes,\" Akens said . \".
\"Even though I admit I\'m nervous around them, that\'s how I see them.
Hopefully Shakespeare can help them start seeing different points of view and have tolerance for others and other cultures.
Scott Bonham, the pastor of USP Terre Haute, said this has happened. \"Dr.
Bates\'s project draws prisoners of different ages, races and religions into a group, a big step towards civilization and citizenship.
Shakespeare\'s plays still express profound and real thoughts, thoughts and emotions.
The more prisoners these profound ideas are, the more they can understand the complexity and community of humanity. \"[Her program]
Expand interest, improve attitudes and mitigate negative behaviors.
It may just be a small group of prisoners she and her volunteers work with at any time, but the chain reaction is very strong in prison.
A dozen positive people can change the tone of the whole unit and eventually change an institution.
\"Alan Kemp is one of those people who are positive.
High and black hum
He wants to be the first prisoner to start his own Shakespeare project.
On a sunny spring day, Bates and her husband Alana Abai
The hair-heavy playwright and retired professor, who was his wife\'s faithful companion, put down a workbook for him at USP Terre Haute.
When Bates wished him good luck, Kemp held the book to his chest, smiled and walked back.
Bates also inspired her peers.
Cynthia Lutz, an English professor at Valparaiso University, on how to build Bud-behind-bars program.
So is Jonathan Shiloh, a communications professor at the University of Wisconsin. Parkside.
Maine jail may start its own Shakespeare show this summer after negotiating with Bates last year.
Jack Heller, an English professor at Huntington University, after reading Bates\'s book, founded the Pendleton project last fall.
He also worked as a volunteer in Kentucky prison for six years.
Shakespeare is good for any prisoner, he said.
He said: \"with Laura\'s team, many of them will never go out, which helps them to see their humanity and the humanity of the people they associate with, including the victims
For those who will eventually leave, we can see ShakespeareGreatly reduced]
Rate of recidivism
Now is the time for people in social sciences to start working on this and why it works.
\"For Bates, that\'s what Newton told her.
\"He said he had gone through a variety of projects in prison but had no effect.
But so did Shakespeare. Why?
Because all of these other programs start with the premise that you are broken and need to be fixed and need to be another person.
Shakespeare begins with the premise that if you can master the language and solve the problem, you will not be broken.
Once you do this, you can start to go beyond any character you have hidden behind your back and check who you really are.
\"Isn\'t that what we all want to know,\" she said with a smile ? \"?
\"Laura Bates and Larry Newton celebrated Shakespeare\'s 450 birthday on April 23.
They spoke through a glass panel of the Pendleton tree, where Newton was shut.
Newton was passionate about Pendleton\'s new Shakespeare project, which imitated Bates\'s creation at Supermax a decade ago.
He said he began to believe that human nature is good in nature and that Shakespeare has the ability to change anyone, just like him.
\"Some people signed up because I told them about Shakespeare and how he saved my life,\" he said . \".
That makes them want to do the same.
It\'s so cool, man!
\"Larry, you\'re an innovator,\" Bates said . \"
You\'re saving lives.